May 16, 2011

Detecting Autism in Infants Aged 1 Year Old

/ On : 2:21 AM
GladChild: Autism symptom is also known as a very complex developmental disorder in children, usually show symptoms before the child was three years old. In fact, now made screening method for infants aged 1 year old.

Screening methods were developed by a team of pediatricians in San Diego, United States and has been tested on more than 10,479 1 year old babies. The baby was a patient of 137 pediatricians.

Using a simple questionnaire that can be completed within 5 years, parents or caregivers of children were asked to answer about the behavior of children who covered the presence or absence of eye contact, voice, words, gestures, recognition bowel and other communications.

Babies who are considered not pass the test alias to show autism symptoms and then referred to the San Diego Autism Center for Excellence for further evaluation every 6 months to 3 years old child. Of 346 children referred, 184 children attend a minimum of two sessions continued evaluation.

In general, screening is done; it has a predictive value reached 75 percent. From the evaluation, 32 children diagnosed with autism symptoms, 56 diagnosed with speech delay, 9 children suffering from developmental delay and 36 children diagnosed with other types of development delay.

Meanwhile, children who are diagnosed with autism symptoms, the majority of starting therapy at age 19 months is actually very early compared to other children. Often new parents bringing children to the doctor when the child is aged three years and that means it's too late.

This screening program is very promising because it can be implemented and there is virtually no cost. This screening method can also be done in everyday clinical practice, wrote the researchers, Karen Pierce, assistant professor of neuroscience at UC San Diego.

There is strong evidence that the therapy carried out earlier have a positive effect on brain development. That's why the opportunity to diagnose and initiate therapy at the time about a year old child is very important to enhance the potential development of the child, he said.

A very prominent autism symptom is the attitude of children who tend not to care about the environment and people around him, as if refusing to communicate and interact, as well as live in his own world. Children with autism symptoms also have difficulty in understanding the language and communicate verbally.

Autism symptoms can happen to anybody, knows no ethnic, national, social and economic conditions, and intellectual state of the parent. Comparisons between boys and girls who have autistic disorder are 4:1. Intelligence of autistic children varies greatly, from very bright to very less intelligent.

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